In India, Pandey has been remembered as a freedom fighter against British rule. His death inspired youths and all were turned against the British. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. Jemadar Ishwari Prasad was also sentenced to death by hanging since he … A rumour spread that the lubricant used was either cow or pig lard, which was repugnant to Hindus or Muslims, respectively. Omissions? Mangal Pandey was accordingly charged with propagation and waging of Armed rebellion against English Regime coupled with open disobedience to the command of English officers and sentenced to be hanged to death. He was arrested for the attack and sentenced to death. Although the execution of Pandey was set for April 18, 1857, the British authorities fearing an outburst of a bigger revolt hanged him to death on April 8, 1857. While he was posted at the garrison in Barrackpore in the mid-1850s, a new Enfield rifle was introduced into India that required a soldier to bite off the ends of greased cartridges in order to load the weapon. Answer: He was the general of Nana Saheb. He was a Hindu of the aristocratic Brahman caste, which had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy. Q13. His father Divakar Pandey was a peasant. He is widely known in India as one of its first freedom fighters. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. For reprint rights: Syndications Today. The stamp and the accompanying first-day cover were designed by Delhi-based artist C. R. Pakrashi. Mangal Pandey (Aamir Khan), a sepoy (soldier of Indian origin) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry of the company's army, is being led to his execution by hanging for fomenting mutiny against company rule. Born on […] At the Barrackpore ground near Kolkata, on the afternoon of 29 March 1857, Pandey attacked and injured his British sergeant and wounded an adjutant. However, the date was changed due to increased tension at the time. Mangal Pandey is famous in Indian history as a freedom fighter who gave his life to free the country from the British raj. The Indian rebellion of 1857 was started over a rifle introduced to the sepoy armies. There have been various accounts of the events of March 29, 1857. mangal pandey, a Sepoy who worked as a soldier in British India had refused to use the new cartridges assigned to them as gun powder. When Mangal Pandey was 22 years old, he joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849. Eventually, he was hanged on April 8, when the situation seemed to be unhealthy. He was a sepoy of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) mutinied against his commanding officers of the East India Company. I have been blogging for 3 years and through the Fast Read.in I have been giving important educational content as far as possible to the reader. Ans. On 29 March, 1857 a young soldier, Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. Question 11. Who was Nana Saheb? Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in village Nagwa of district Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Of the large number of freedom fighters that led the struggle, Mangal Pandey had a significant role in India's Freedom Struggle. Pandey joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849, some accounts suggesting that he was recruited by a brigade that marched past him. Regiment. However, the general agreement is that Pandey attempted to incite his fellow sepoys to rise up against their British officers, attacked two of those officers, attempted to shoot himself after having been restrained, and eventually was overpowered and arrested. _____ means Foreigners. April 8th, 2008 Headsman On this date in 1857, ten days before the scheduled date for his execution, Mangal Pandey was hanged at Barrackpore, India, for mutiny against his British officers — a death sentence at the intersection of technology, faith and empire that would prefigure India’s first large-scale rebellion against English authority. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The first Anglo-Afghan war finished in 1842, Pandey did not join up until 1849, and his regiment – the 34th Bengal Native Infantry – did not see action in Afghanistan. Ultimately, Mangal Pandey was hanged till death. Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. Mangal Pandey was sued They were sentenced to hang Indian Krantikari Mangal Pandey was hanged on April 8, 1857. Technology Gunning for it To use the rifle, the soldiers would have to bite off the ends of the greased cartridges in order to load the gun. Pandey was soon tried and sentenced to death.
Q13. And therefore, as a result of this uprising, the East India Company was brought under the direct rule of the British Crown. He was arrested and sentenced to death. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Pandey inspired the Indian Mutiny (also called the Indian Rebellion of 1857, among other names) after rumours circulated that cow lard was used to grease rifle cartridges, which was repugnant to Hindus. Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? He survived and was put on trial and hanged on April 8, 1857. All members were native officers and court was headed by Subedar Major Jawahar Lal Tiwari (43rd BNI). His execution (by hanging) was set for April 18, but British authorities, fearing the outbreak of a large-scale revolt if they waited until then, moved the date up to April 8. One member Subedar Sewambar Panday was from Mangal’s own 34th BNI. 1) Mangal Pandey was the forerunnerof India's first freedom struggle. 4) During the revolution of 1857, Mangal Pandey gave rise to a rebellion that spread like wildfire to the whole of North India and other parts of the country. What was the first step taken by the company towards ending the Mughal dynasty? On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, Mangal Pandey, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. These Indians rose in revolt at a number of places all over India. Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in the 34th Regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) of the East India Company, made a mark in the Indian history for attacking his British officers. 7. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. स्वतंत्रता सेनानी मंगल पाण्डेय Mangal Pandey. The Indian soldiers thought that this was a deliberate attempt by the British to dishonour their religion. In a week, Mangal Pandey was put on trial and sentenced to death by hanging. Editor of. 0 ; view full answer mangal pandey was angry on the recent actions of east india company on the new cartridges which had casing made from fats of cow and pig , as cow being sacred to hindus and pigs being abhorrent to muslims soldiers refused to use them. During the trial, he told that he mutinied on his own free will and was not encouraged by any other sepoy. In 1857, Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. Pandey Neither a Martyr Nor a Hero: Revisiting the 1857 Mutiny. Some contemporary reports suggested that he was under the influence of drugs—possibly cannabis or opium—and was not fully aware of his actions. The Government of India commemorated Pandey by issuing a postage stamp bearing his image on 5 October 1984. Mangal Pandey played a key part in events immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India. committed a reckless act for which he was hanged. [4], Some of the sepoys of the quarter-guard then advanced and struck at the two prostrate officers. This attacked sparked off the First War of Indian Independence, or as the British termed it, the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. An enquiry by the British government was conducted on the 34th B.N.I. Why was Mangal Pandey hanged? He said that he was not against the park but questioned why Simpson was chosen when the area had so many freedom fighters. this is why mangal pandey was hanged to death. Therefore, Mangal Pandey, a devoted Hindu Brahmin, was furious by the suspected use of fat in the cartridges and decided to display their disapproval by taking violent action against the British. Mangal Pandey was executed on April 8 1857. In addition, a movie and stage play that depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections? The first general widespread uprising against the rule of the British East India Company was The First War of Independence (1857-58). Finally, on 8th April 1857, he hanged till death. Mangal Pandey was hanged to death on April 8, 1857. Prasad was also hanged to death on April 21. INDIA'S FIRST FREEDOM FIGHTER WAS HANGED ON 8TH APRIL 1857. Some days later, some sepoys of the regiment at Meerut refused to do the army drill using the new cartridges, which were suspected of being coated with the fat of cows and pigs. Dear Reader, My name is Manisha Dubey Jha. Why is he famous? 8. This initiated a period when heightened Indian nationalism steered India toward independence. While Pandey incited his fellow soldiers to join him in the rebellion, a native soldier prevented him from killing the adjutant and the sergeant-major. Not much is known about Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in the army of the East India Company, save his one act of rebellion: the killing of two British soldiers for which he was hanged. 29-year old Mangal Pandey, belonged from Ballia district in modern-day Uttar Pradesh, and had joined the Bengal Army in 1849. ... Mangal Pandey & The Sepoy Mutiny - Full Movie - Animated Stories for Kids - Duration: 29:31. His actions against the British triggered a series of revolts all over India, which ultimately culminated in India's First War of Independence. He was from a high-caste Brahman landowning family that professed strong Hindu beliefs. Despite this rebellious hero was unsuccessful yet his contribution was … Who was Mangal Pandey? He was hanged on 8 April 1857. Pandey was born in a town near Faizabad in what is now eastern Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, although some give his birth place as a small village near Lalitpur (in present-day southwestern Uttar Pradesh). 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